REPUBLIC OF ESTONIA 100 – A MODERN STATE
Programme [PDF]

Wednesday, 3 October

20:30–22:30  Welcoming evening
      Estonian Academic Law Society – 30
      Welcoming address by Irene Kull, Professor, Chairman of the EALS
      Kärt Raud – Studying at University, Moot Courts and Summer Schools
      Presentation – Code of Civil Procedure (I–III). Commented edition

Thursday, 4 October

9:00–10:00  Morning coffee
       (Vanemuine Concert Hall, doors will open at 8:30)

Plenary meeting
(Vanemuine Concert Hall)

10:00–10:20  Play “Meeta and Justice” – author Maimu Berg, directed by Piret Kuub
      The story starts in the year 1920 and ends in 2018. The characters are Meeta Janno       Villecourt, Kaarel Parts, president of the Surpeme Court and Anton Palvadre,       Chancellor of Justice of the Republic of Estonia before World War II. They are looking       back at the hardships of establishing our own rule of law, and commenting on current       life in Estonia from the viewpoint of legal science.
      Actors: Raivo Adlas, Urmas Kalla, Julia Laffranque (Judge, European Court of Human       Rights; Visiting professor of University of Tartu).

      Opening
      Enn Tonka
, President of the Estonian Lawyers Union
      Irene Kull, Chairman of the Estonian Academic Law Society

Technology of the Constitution
(Vanemuine Concert Hall)

Moderator:  Tarmo Jüristo, Chairman of the Management Board of Praxis

10:30–12:00 
PhD Ülle Madise, Chancellor of Justice of the Republic of Estonia; Visiting Professor, University of Tartu
Changes in Society Reflected in the Constitution – Historical and Comparative View
Jaan Tallinn, Visionary / Entrepreneur
Existential Risks
Vivian Loonela, Member of Cabinet of Vice-President Andrus Ansip, European Commission
Existential Possibilities

12:00–12:30
Coffee break

Technology and the Person
(Vanemuine Concert Hall)

Moderator: Mag. iur. Sten Andreas Ehrlich, Deputy Secretary General on Labour and       Employment Policy, Ministry of Social Affairs

12:30–14:00  
PhD (History) Margus Laidre, Estonian Ambassador to Russia
Do New Times Always Create New People? Has Technology Caused More Harm or Good?
Dr Katrin Merike Nyman-Metcalf, Visiting Professor, Institute of Law, Tallinn University of Technology; Programme Director of Research and Legal Aspects, Estonian e-Governance Academy
Feasibility of Protecting the “Old” Fundamental Rights (Privacy, Intellectual Property Protection, etc.)
Mag. iur. Karmen Turk, Attorney-at-Law, Law Firm TRINITI; Visiting Lecturer, IT Law, University of Tartu; Expert on the Council of Europe
Robots around us, with us and for us?

14:00–15:00 Lunch, participants moving into different sections

Artificial Intelligence at the Service of a Lawyer
(Vanemuine Concert Hall)

Moderator:  Mag. iur. Hannes Vallikivi, President, Estonian Bar Association; Attorney-at-Law and       Managing Partner, Law Firm Derling

15:00–16:30
Let us forget about singularity and attributing a soul to robots for a moment and discuss the ways in which artificial intelligence will impact the work of lawyers in the near future. To what extent could a lawyer’s work be automated and what are the economic impacts of innovation? What needs to be done to make legislation and files machine-processable? Could it be possible that our little legal market and restricted linguistic space may prove fatal to the administration of justice in Estonian?
Sten Luiga, Senior Partner, Law Firm COBALT, former Chairman of the Board, Estonian Bar Association
Tõnis Saar, Secretary General, Ministry of Justice
Silver Traat, Texta, Co-Founder

16:30–16:45 Coffee break

Protection of Human Rights in the Digital Age
(Vanemuine Concert Hall)

Moderator:   Dr. iur. Mart Susi, Professor of Human Rights Law, Tallinn University

16:45–18:15
 
PhD Tiina Pajuste, Lecturer of International Law, Tallinn University
Theoretical and Practical Challenges of the European Data Protection Reform
Mag. iur. Karmen Turk, Attorney-at-Law, Law Firm TRINITI; Visiting Lecturer, IT Law, University of Tartu; Expert on the Council of Europe
Rule of Law in Digital Society – Elementary or a Needle in a Haystack?
Dr. iur. Mart Susi, Professor of Human Rights Law, Tallinn University; Chief Editor, East European Yearbook on Human Rights
Equation to Balance the Internet
Introduction of the study “Sõnavabaduse kaitse uue meedia keskkonnas. Põhjamaade kogemus” (Protection of Freedom of Speech in the New Media Environment. The Nordic Experience)

Medicine and Penal Law: Strict Liability vs. Better Quality
(V Spa Conference Centre)

Moderator:  Steven-Hristo Evestus, Chief State Prosecutor, Office of the Prosecutor General

15:00–16:30
MD, PhD Raul-Allan Kiivet, Professor of Healthcare Management, University of Tartu
Medicine Requires Encouragement of Medics, not Punishment
Dr. iur. Ants Nõmper, Attorney-at-Law and Chief Partner, Law Firm Ellex Raidla
Medical Law Does not Need Punishments for Doctors
Kadri Tammepuu, Member of the Board, Estonian Patients Union
The Patient Does not Need Punishments for Doctors

16:30–16:45 Coffee break

Who is to Blame? Do the Sharing Economy and Technological Possibilities Change our Understanding of (Legal) Liability?
(V Spa Conference Centre)

Moderator:  Mag. iur. Kai Härmand, Deputy Secretary General for Legislative Policy, Ministry of       Justice

16:45–18:15
Dr. iur. Karin Sein, Professor of Civil Law, Deputy Head, Department of Private Law, University of Tartu
Who Are the Players? Producer, Consumer, Possessor of Major Source of Danger, and Other Subjects
Dr. iur. Janno Lahe, Professor of Delict Law, University of Tartu
Who is responsible? Challenges of Tort Law based on the Example of Autonomous Vehicles
Dr. iur. Erkki Hirsnik, Judge, Tartu County Court
Who is Responsible? Challenges of Penal Law

Role of Procedure in Persuasion
(Dorpat Conference Centre)

Moderator:  Kairi Kaldoja, Chief Prosecutor, Southern District Prosecutor's Office

15:00–16:30
PhD Andreas Kangur, Lecturer of Criminal Procedure, University of Tartu
Orienting Criminal Procedure to Psychology
Oliver Nääs, Attorney-at-Law and Partner, Law Firm LEXTAL
Presenting of Evidence and Shaping the Inner Conviction of the Court – Observations from behind the Counsel Table
Mag. iur. Sten Lind, Judge, Tallinn Circuit Court
Separating Admissibility and Reliability of Evidence: a Judge’s View

16:30–16:45 Coffee break

Role of the State, Local Government and the Community in Social Welfare
(Dorpat Conference Centre)

Moderator: PhD Lauri Leppik, Senior Research Fellow, Estonian Institute for Population Studies,       School of Governance, Law and Society, Tallinn University
      Aare Kruuser, Lecturer, School of Governance, Law and Society, Tallinn University

16:45–18:15 
PhD Lauri Leppik, Senior Research Fellow, Estonian Institute for Population Studies, School of Governance, Law and Society, Tallinn University
Role of the State, Local Government and the Community in Social Welfare
Dr. iur. Vallo Olle, Senior Adviser, Office of the Chancellor of Justice
Welfare Service Issues at the Desk of the Chancellor of Justice
Aare Kruuser, Lecturer, School of Governance, Law and Society, Tallinn University
Law as a Means of Organising Social Welfare Practical issues

Legal History I. Estonia – Our Love and Worry
(V Spa Conference Centre)

Moderator:  Dr. iur. Marju Luts-Sootak, Professor of Legal History, University of Tartu

15:00–16:30
Doctor of History Jaak Valge, Associate Professor of Modern and Contemporary History, University of Tartu; Senior Research Fellow, Estonian Institute for Population Studies, Institute of Social Studies, Tallinn University
Development of Popular Initiative and Referendum Regulations in Estonian Constitutions
PhD Ivo Juurvee, Head of Security & Resilience Programme / Research Fellow, International Centre for Defence and Security
Legal Protection of Classified Information in the Republic of Estonia, 1918–1940
PhD Merike Ristikivi, Associate Professor of Legal History, University of Tartu
Making the Law Estonian in the 1920s–30s
Doctor of History Eero Medijainen, Professor of Modern and Contemporary History, University of Tartu
Issues Regarding Recognition and Non-Recognition of Estonia as a State

16:30–16:45 Coffee break

Legal History II. Estonia – Our Love and Worry
(V Spa Conference Centre)

Moderator:  Dr. iur. Marju Luts-Sootak, Professor of Legal History, University of Tartu

16:45–18:15

Mag. iur. Hannes Vallikivi, President, Estonian Bar Association; Attorney-at-Law and Managing Partner, Law Firm Derling
Fate of Estonian Courts and Judges, 1940–1941
History Doctor Meelis Maripuu, Member of the Board, Estonian Institute of Historical Memory
Employment of the Legal System into the Service of the Political Regime in Estonia in the 1950s
History Doctor Tõnu Tannberg, Professor of Estonian History, University of Tartu
On the Events at the Faculty of Law of the University of Tartu in the Decades after the War
Toomas Hiio, PhD student, Institute of History and Archaeology, University of Tartu
(Past) Estonian Legislation as One of the Sources of Historic Research: Timelessness of the Search for Truth and Temporalness of Agreement

20.00   Festive Evening
   (Science Centre AHHAA, doors will open at 19:30)


Friday, 5 October

Legal Language I. The language of Europe is translation (Umberto Eco). New Language Technologies and Legal Challenges
(V Spa Conference Centre)

Moderator: PhD Heiki Pisuke, Head of the Estonian Language Department, Directorate General       for Translation (DGT), European Commission; Visiting Professor, University of Tartu 

9:30–10:30
How Does European Union Law Become Estonian Law? Machine translated legislation – a new normality?
Speakers: Merit-Ene Ilja, Director, Directorate General for Translation (DGT), European Commission; former Director of the Estonian Legal Translation and Legislative Support Centre; Madis Vunder, Director, Directorate-General for Multilingualism, Court of Justice of the European Union; Ann Stolfot, Lawyer-Linguist, Legal Service, Council of the European Union; PhD Mark Fišel, Associate Professor in Language Technology, Institute of Computer Science, University of Tartu
Dr. iur. Kadri Siibak, Chief Specialist, Financial Markets Policy Department, Ministry of Finance
10:30–11:00
PhD Aleksei Kelli, Professor of Intellectual Property Law, University of Tartu; Head of Legal Committee, European Research Infrastructure for Language Resources and Technology, European Research Infrastructure Consortium (CLARIN ERIC)
PhD Arvi Tavast, Qlaara, Founder
Revolution in Language Technology or Which Legal Issues Arise in Teaching Estonian to a Fridge?

11:00–11:30   Coffee break

Legal Language II. Comprehensibility and Interpretation of Legislation and Court Decisions
(V Spa Conference Centre)

Moderator: Mag. iur. Andres Parmas, Judge, Tallinn Circuit Court; Assistant in Criminal Law,       University of Tartu

11:30–13:00
Word, Term, Concept: Language of Legislation. Who Needs to Understand Legislation and Court Decisions?

Speakers: Allar Jõks, Partner and Attorney-at-Law, Law Firm SORAINEN; Katre Kasemets, Senior Terminologist, Institute of the Estonian Language; Helen Kranich, Senior Adviser, Office of the Chancellor of Justice ; PhD Raul Narits, Professor of Comparative Jurisprudence, University of Tartu; Virgo Saarmets, Judge, Tallinn Circuit Court; Brit Tammiste, Adviser, Analysis Division, Ministry of Justice

Statehood and the European Union: Boundaries of Sovereignty and the Constitution (Dorpat Conference Centre)

Moderator:  PhD Katre Luhamaa, Lecturer of European Law and International Law,
      University of Tartu

9:30–11:00 
Prof Anneli Albi, University of Kent, Canterbury, United Kingdom
Overview of the Results of the European Research Council Grant Project „The Role of National Constitutions in European and Global Governance”
LLM Madis Ernits, Judge, Tartu Circuit Court; Doctoral Student, University of Tartu
On Constitutional Amendments of Transfer of State Powers
PhD Eve Fink, Attorney-at-Law, Law Firm FINK
Changes in the Principle of Legitimate Expectation through the Legal Order of the European Union
PhD Carri Ginter, Associate Professor of European Law, University of Tartu
Differences in Justifying Fundamental Rights in the European Union and National Laws Based on the Example of Reverse Discrimination

11:00–11:30
  Coffee break

Taxation of Technology and the Technology of Taxation
(Dorpat Conference Centre)

Moderator: Dmitri Jegorov, Deputy Secretary General for Tax and Customs Policy, Ministry of       Finance

11:30–13:00
Guido Viik, Entrepreneur and Futurologist
Technology Changes the World and It also Changes us: Working in the Future, People’s Connection with the State and Social Security, Workforce vs. Robots, Data is the New Oil.
LLM Helen Pahapill, Adviser, Tax Policy Department, Ministry of Finance
Internet as a New Jurisdiction: How to be Everywhere without Being Everywhere: Is It Time to Revise the Principles of Taxation of Profits in the World?
Evelyn Liivamägi, Head of Tax Department, Tax and Customs Board
The Impact of Technology on Tax Administration: Would We Even Need Tax Declarations and Tax Offices in the Future and What Does Technology Mean to Tax Auditing?
Dr. iur. Lasse Lehis, Adviser, Administrative Law Chamber, Supreme Court
Principles and Technology of Tax Law: What Remains and What Goes, Control via Technology – a new Big Brother, Balance between Data Protection and Ensuring Fair Competition?

Transfer of the State’s Prosecution Function to the Bar Association within the Context of the State Reform: Discussion on the Contents, Pros and Cons
(Dorpat Conference Centre)

Moderator:  PhD Eerik Kergandberg, Justice of the Supreme Court 

9:30–11:00
Paul Keres, Attorney-at-Law and Partner, Law Firm Glikman Alvin & Partnerid
Jaanus Tehver, Attorney-at-Law, Law Firm Tehver & Partnerid; Vice-President, Estonian Bar Association
Lavly Perling, Prosecutor General

11:00–11:30
  Coffee break

Local Government Reform
(Dorpat Conference Centre)

Moderator:Dr. iur. Igor Gräzin, Member of the Riigikogu
      Aare Kruuser, Lecturer, School of Governance, Law and Society, Tallinn University

11:30–13:00
Airi Mikli, Adviser, Auditor General
Lessons Learned from the Administrative Reform
PhD Külli Taro, Head of Law Enforcement Affairs Department, Office of the Chancellor of Justice
How Could Administrative and State Reform Impact Legislative Drafting?
PhD Aleksander Pulver, Personality Psychology Lecturer, School of Natural Sciences and Health, Consultant on Experimental Psychology and Behavioural Sciences, Tallinn University
Issues Related to Organisation of State and Local Government Operations. Viewpoint of a Psychologist.
Dr. iur. Igor Gräzin, Member of the Riigikogu
Law as a Means in Implementation of State and Local Government Reforms

13:00–14:15
 Lunch

A Modern State. Where to Go From Here?
(Dorpat Conference Centre)

Prof Toomas AsserRector of the University of Tartu
Presentation of Awards for the Wikipedia Jurisprudence Competition ‘Estonian Law’

Moderator:  Dr. iur. Irene Kull, Professor of Civil Law, University of Tartu
      Chairman of the Estonian Academic Law Society

14:15–16:00

The debates of the two days are summarised in a podium discussion. Representatives of different legal professions and branches bring out the most important aspects of the discussions. What can and should be done immediately to ensure that our legal order would better support the development of technology and the society’s adjustment to it? The listeners are also invited to participate via questions and remarks.

The participants in the podium discussion are: Mati Kadak, Chairman, Estonian Chamber of Bailiffs and Trustees in Bankruptcy; Ülle Madise, Chancellor of Justice of the Republic of Estonia; Lavly Perling, Prosecutor General; Priit Pikamäe, Chief Justice, Supreme Court; Meelis Pirn, President, Estonian Lawyers Union; Urmas Reinsalu, Minister of Justice; Merle Saar-Johanson, Chairman, Chamber of Notaries; Karin Sein, Professor of Civil Law, University of Tartu; Hannes Vallikivi, President, Estonian Bar Association